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1900s Military History Timeline

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1900s Military History Timeline

US Marines rest in the field on Guadalcanal, circa August-December 1942.

Photograph Courtesy of the US Naval Historical Center

Timeline Home | to 1000 | 1001-1200 | 1201-1400 | 1401-1600 | 1601-1800 | 1801-1900

  • January 7-April 9, 1942 - World War II: Allied forces conduct the defense of Bataan

  • January 31-February 15, 1942 - World War II: The Japanese win the Battle of Singapore

  • February 27, 1942 - World War II: The Allies are defeated at the Battle of the Java Sea

  • March 31-April 10 - World War II: Japanese forces conduct the Indian Ocean Raid

  • April 18, 1942 - World War II: The planes of the Doolittle Raid bomb Japan

  • May 4-8, 1942 - World War II: US forces turn back the Japanese advance against Port Moresby at the Battle of the Coral Sea. Fought entirely by aircraft, it was first naval battle in which the opposing ships never sighted each other.

  • May 5-6, 1942 - World War II: US and Filipino forces surrender after the Battle of Corregidor

  • May 26-June 21, 1942 - World War II: General Erwin Rommel wins the Battle of Gazala

  • June 4-7, 1942 - World War II: The US Pacific Fleet defeats the Japanese at the Battle of Midway, turning the tide in the Pacific

  • July 1-27, 1942 - World War II: Axis forces are halted at the First Battle of El Alamein

  • August 7, 1942 - World War II: Allied forces go on the offensive in the Pacific by landing on Guadalcanal

  • August 9, 1942 - World War II: Japanese naval forces win the Battle of Savo Island

  • August 9-15, 1942 - World War II: The Royal Navy resupplies Malta during Operation Pedestal

  • August 19, 1942 - World War II: The Dieppe Raid ends in disaster for Allied troops

  • August 24-25, 1942 - World War II: Allied and Japanese forces fight the Battle of the Eastern Solomons

  • August 25-September 7, 1942 - World War II: Allied force on New Guinea win the Battle of Milne Bay

  • August 30-September 5, 1942 - World War II: British forces halt Field Marshal Erwin Rommel at the Battle of Alam Halfa

  • October 10/11, 1942 - World War II: Allied naval units win the Battle of Cape Esperance

  • October 23-November 4, 1942 - World War II: British forces under Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery begin the Second Battle of El Alamein

  • October 25-27, 1942 - World War II: American and Japanese naval forces fight the Battle of Santa Cruz

  • November 8-10, 1942 - World War II: American forces land in North Africa as part of Operation Torch

    November 12-15, 1942 - World War II: Allied forces win the Naval Battle of Guadalcanal

  • November 27, 1942 - World War II: The French fleet is scuttled at Toulon during Operation Lila

  • November 30, 1942 - World War II: Japanese forces win the Battle of Tassafaronga

  • January 29-30, 1943 - World War II: Japanese aircraft win the Battle of Rennell Island

  • February 19-25, 1943 - World War II: American troops area defeated at the Battle of Kasserine Pass

  • March 2-4, 1943 - World War II: Allied aircraft win the Battle of the Bismarck Sea

  • April 18, 1943 - World War II: Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto is killed by Allied aircraft during Operation Vengeance

  • April 19-May 16, 1943 - World War II: The Germans suppress the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in Poland

  • May 17, 1943 - World War II: As part of Operation Chastise RAF bombers strike dams in Germany

  • July 9, 1943 - World War II: Allied forces begin Operation Husky and invade Sicily

  • August 17, 1943 - World War II: American bombers conduct the massive Schweinfurt-Regensburg Raid

  • September 3-9, 1943 - World War II: American and British forces land in Italy

  • September 26, 1943 - World War II: Australian commandoes conduct Operation Jaywick in Singapore Harbor

  • November 20-23, 1943 - World War II: American forces invade Tarawa

  • December 26, 1943 - World War II: British naval forces win the Battle of the North Cape

  • January 22, 1944 - World War II: Allied forces begin Operation Shingle and open the Battle of Anzio

  • January 31-February 3, 1944 - World War II: US troops fight the Battle of Kwajalein

  • February 17-May 18, 1944 - World War II: Allied forces fight and win the Battle of Monte Cassino

  • March 24/25, 1944 - World War II: Allied POWs begin the Great Escape from Stalag Luft III

  • June 4, 1944 - World War II: Allied forces capture Rome

  • June 4, 1944 - World War II: Allied naval forces capture U-505

  • June 6, 1944 - World War II: The invasion of France begins with Allied troops coming ashore in Normandy

  • June 15, 1944 - World War II: The Allied invasion of the Marianas begins with landings on Saipan

  • June 19-20, 1944 - World War II: The US Navy wins the Battle of the Philippine Sea

  • July 25-31, 1944 - World War II: Allied troops break out of Normandy during Operation Cobra

    August 15, 1944 - World War II: Allied troops land in southern France as part of Operation Dragoon

  • August 25, 1944 - World War II: French forces liberate Paris

  • September 15-November 27, 1944 - World War II: Allied forces fight and win the Battle of Peleliu

  • September 17, 1944 - World War II: American and British paratroopers land in Holland as part of Operation Market-Garden

  • October 23-26, 1944 - World War II: US naval forces defeat the Japanese at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, opening the way for the invasion of the Philippines

  • December 16, 1944 - World War II: German forces launch a massive offensive in the Ardennes, beginning the Battle of the Bulge. It ends in a decisive Allied victory the following month

  • February 9, 1945 - World War II: HMS Venturer sinks U-864 in the only known battle where one submerged submarine sank another

  • February 19, 1945 - World War II: US Marines land on Iwo Jima

  • March 8, 1945 - World War II: US forces secure the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine

  • April 1, 1945 - World War II: Allied forces invade the island of Okinawa

  • April 7, 1945 - World War II: The battleship Yamato is sunk during Operation Ten-Go

  • April 16-19, 1945 - World War II: Soviet forces win the Battle of the Seelow Heights

  • April 29-May 8, 1945: World War II: Operations Manna & Chowhound deliver food to the starving population of the Netherlands

  • May 2, 1945 - World War II: Berlin falls to Soviet forces

  • May 7, 1945 - World War II: Nazi Germany surrenders to the Allies, ending the war in Europe

  • August 6, 1945 - World War II: The B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay drops the first atom bomb on the city of Hiroshima

  • September 2, 1945 - World War II: The Japanese surrender aboard the battleship USS Missouri ending the war in the Pacific

  • December 19, 1946 - First Indochina War: Fighting begins between French and Viet Minh forces around Hanoi

    Timeline Home | to 1000 | 1001-1200 | 1201-1400 | 1401-1600 | 1601-1800 | 1801-1900

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