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Social Effects of War

From drawing women into factories for the first time to uniting generations, war has the powerful ability to change and reshape society. These resources will aid in understanding how war has affected our everyday lives.

American Civil War: History of Memorial Day
Memorial Day originated in several locales during and shortly after the American Civil War. The holiday began as "Decoration Day" during which the graves of fallen Union soldiers were decorated with flowers in rememberance of their sacrifice. Over time, Memorial Day was formalized and became a significant national holiday.

World War II: Operation Pastorius
Operation Pastorius was a covert German plan to sabotage various facilities around the United States during World War II. Eight German agents were landed on eastern Long Island in June 1942. Operation Pastorius failed when two of the agents changed sides and informed the FBI about the plan which led to the others being captured and executed.

World War II: The White Rose
The White Rose was a non-violent resistance group based in Munich during World War II. Comprised largely of University of Munich students, the White Rose published and distributed several pamphlets speaking out against Third Reich. The group was destroyed in 1943, when many of its key members were caught and executed.

Photo Gallery: Women in Wartime Industries
During World War II, over 6 million women in the United States worked in war industries. This photo gallery provides an overview of some of the wartime and war industry jobs that were filled by American women between 1942 and 1945.

Photo Gallery: Women in Wartime Industries #2
During World War II, over 6 million women in the United States worked in war industries. This photo gallery provides an overview of some of the wartime and war industry jobs that were filled by American women between 1942 and 1945.

Women's Army Corps
A comprehensive article detailing the creation and contributions of the Women's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC) and the Women's Army Corps (WAC) during World War II.

Rosie the Riveter Trust
Information about Rosie the Riveter and the women who worked in factories during World War II.

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