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Naval Battles: 1900s-Today

The 20th Century saw a revolution in how wars were fought at sea. From the rise of battleships to today's nuclear-powered submarines, these resources will trace the evolution of modern naval warfare.
  1. World War I (7)
  2. World War II (42)

Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Port Arthur
The Battle of Port Arthur was the opening engagement of the Russo-Japanese War. On the night of February 8/9. 1904, Japanese ships under Admiral Togo launched a surprise destroyer attack on Russian naval forces. The next day a major fleet engagement was fought off Port Arthur.

Russo-Japanese War: Battle of Tsushima
The Battle of Tsushima was fought on May 27-28, 1905, during the Russo-Japanese War. Sailing from the Baltic Sea, the Russian fleet traveled over 18,000 miles before encountering the Japanese in the Straits of Tsushima. Engaging the Russians, Admiral Togo destroyed over two-thirds of their fleet.

Circling the Globe: The Voyage of the Great White Fleet
The Great White Fleet departed Virginia in December 1907, and circumnavigated globe. Conducting a good will tour, the Great White Fleet's voyage lasted fourteen months as the ships visited ports such as Australia, Japan, and Egypt. The Great White Fleet also served to demonstrate the United State's growing naval strength.

World War I: Battle of Coronel
The Battle of Coronel was an early naval battle during World War I. Clashing off Coronel, Chile, the German East Asiatic Squadron soundly defeated a British fleet sent to stop them from reaching the Atlantic. The Battle of Coronel was the first major British defeat at sea since 1814.

World War I: Battle of Heligoland Bight
The Battle of Heligoland Bight was the first major naval engagement of World War I between Britain and Germany. Fighting off the island of Heligoland, the Royal Navy defeated a force of German light cruisers and destroyers.

World War II: Battle of Midway - Turning Point in the Pacific
The Battle of Midway in early June 1942, marked the turning point of World War II in the Pacific. Fighting to the west of Midway, the US Navy attacked and sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers while losing only one of its own.

World War II: HMS Venturer Sinks U-864
On February 9, 1945, HMS Venturer and U-864 engaged in the only known battle where one submerged submarine sank another. Sailing off the coast of Norway, Venturer had been sent to intercept U-864 which was carrying mercury and Me-262 aircraft parts to Japan. After a three hour chase, Venturer fired four torpedoes, one of which hit and sank U-864.

Cold War: USS Pueblo Incident
The Pueblo Incident took place on January 23, 1968, and saw North Korean forces board an American intelligence ship. Operating off the North Korean coast, USS Pueblo was boarded and captured by the North Koreans who claimed it was in their waters. The Pueblo Incident lasted until December 23, when the crew was repatriated to South Korea.

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