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USS Cumberland

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USS Cumberland

USS Cumberland (pre-1855)

Photograph Courtesy of the US Navy

USS Cumberland

  • Nation: Union
  • Type: Sloop of War
  • Displacement: 1,726 tons
  • Crew: 400
  • Wartime Service Dates: 1861-1862
  • Civil War Armament: 22 x 9-inch Dahlgrens, 1 x 10-inch Dahlgren, 1 x 70-pdr rifle
  • Notes: Launched in 1842, Cumberland was originally built as a 50-gun frigate. In 1855, the ship was "razeed" down to a sloop of war to allow it to carry the Navy's newest shell guns. On March 8, 1862, Cumberland was sunk at the Battle of Hampton Roads after being rammed by the new Confederate ironclad Virginia(Merrimack). During the battle, Cumberland's crew watched in horror as their shells bounced off the sides of the armored ship, while the Confederate's ripped through their own. The sinking of Cumberland by Virginia signaled the end of the centuries-old age of all-sail, wooden warships.

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