French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
The French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars, and the French Revolutionary Wars before them, consumed Europe between 1792 and 1815. The Napoleonic Wars saw French forces battling various coalitions of European nations. Ending in 1815 with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Napoleonic Wars saw the map of Europe forever changed.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Austerlitz
The Battle of Austerlitz was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Fought on December 2, 1805, Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors as Russian and Austrian forces were led by Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. The French victory at Austerlitz ended the War of the Third Coalition and led to the Austrians...
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Eylau
The Battle of Eylau was fought on February 7-8, 1807, in East Prussia. Attacking a predominently Russian army, Napoleon began a 14-hour battle that ebbed and flowed across the plains near Eylau. Ending in a draw, the high point of the battles was a massive French cavalry charge led by Marshal Joachim Murat.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Friedland
The Battle of Friedland was fought June 14, 1807, during the War of the Fourth Coalition. Attacking the Russians near Friedland, Napoleon succeeded in driving them from the field. The Battle of Friedland effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Aspern-Essling
The Battle of Aspern-Essling was fought on May 21-22, 1809, during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Attempting to force a crossing of the Danube, Napoleon was blocked by Archduke Charles who attacked French forces in Aspern and Essling. The loss at Aspern-Essling was Napoleon's first defeat in over a decade.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Wagram
Fought in 1809, the Battle of Wagram was the pivotal battle of the War of the Fifth Coalition. Fought near the village of Wagram, Napoleon soundly defeated the army of Archduke Charles of Austria.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino
The Battle of Borodino was fought September 7, 1812, during Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Attacking Russian positions around Borodino, the French both inflicted and sustained heavy losses. Though the Russians departed after the Battle of Borodino, their army remained intact.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Bautzen
The Battle of Bautzen was fought May 20-21, 1813 during the War of the Sixth Coalition. Advancing against Prussian and Russian forces, Napoleon sought to pin them in place near Bautzen while Marshal Ney's corps cut off their retreat. While Napoleon succeeded in defeating the enemy at Bautzen, Ney failed in his mission and they escaped.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Kulm
Fought on August 30, 1813, the Battle of Kulm was a Coalition victory that occurred during their retreat from Dresden. Meeting near Kulm, Coalition troops encircled and captured most of a French corps led by Dominique Vandamme.
Neapolitan War: Battle of Tolentino
Fought May 2-3, 1815, the Battle of Tolentino marked the beginning of the end for Joachim Murat's reign as king of Naples. Engaging the Austrians near Tolentino, Italy, Murat was defeated by General Frederick Bianchi. The Neapolitan army ceased to be an effective fighting force after the Battle of Tolentino.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Ligny
The Battle of Ligny was fought June 16, 1815, during the Napoleonic Wars. Fought during the Hundred Days, the Battle of Ligny saw the Prussians clash with Napoleon's forces. Though a tactical defeat, the Battle of Ligny did not prevent the Prussians from uniting with the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Wellington.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Waterloo
The Battle of Waterloo was fought June 18, 1815 during the Napoleonic Wars. Waterloo was final battle of the conflict and occurred following Napoleon's return from Elba. The Battle of Waterloo saw the Duke of Wellington's army win a decisive victory which ultimately forced Napoleon's surrender.
Wars of the French Revolution: Battle of Marengo
The Battle of Marengo began with an Austrian attack on Napoleon's French forces on June 14, 1800. Regrouping, Napoleon was able to counterattack and drive the Austrians from the field. Coupled with the victory at Hohenlinden, the Battle of Marengo aided in ending the War of the Second Coalition in a French victory.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Corunna
Fought on January 16, 1809, the Battle of Corunna was a British tactical victory that allowed the army of Sir John Moore to evacuate northern Spain. Battling on the heights outside Corunna, the British held off French attacks and were able to board their ships that night. Sir John Moore was killed in the fighting.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Talavera
Part of the Peninsular War, the Battle of Talavera was fought soutwest of Madrid on July 27-28, 1809. In the fighting, the forces of Arthur Wellesley defeated French troops and compelled them to withdraw. Despite the victory at Talavera, the English were soon forced to retreat to due to supply issues and the arrival of French reinforcements.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Albuera
The Battle of Albuera was fought on May 16, 1811, and saw Allied forces compel a French expedition to retreat from the area near Badajoz. Led by Marshal Soult, the French intended to get between the British and Spanish armies but were prevented from doing so and the forces clashed near the village of Albuera.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Badajoz
The Battle of Badajoz was fought from March 16 to April 6, 1812. Laying siege to the city, British forces under Wellington moved progressively closer to its walls and opened several breaches. On April 6, British troops stormed Badajoz and captured the city after a prolonged and bloody battle.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Salamanca
The Battle of Salamanca occurred on July 22, 1812, when troops under the Earl of Wellington attacked a French army led by Marshal Auguste Marmont. Fought south of Salamanca, the battle saw Wellington conduct a series of successful assaults on the enemy. Winning a stunning victory, Wellington was able to advance on Madrid.