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Egypt: Battle of Megiddo

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Egypt: Battle of Megiddo

Pharaoh Thutmose III

Photograph Source: Public Domain

Conflict:

The Battle of Megiddo took place during a rebellion against Pharaoh Thutmose III.

Date:

The traditional date for the battle is May 9, 1457 BC, though other sources suggest April 16, 1457 BC.

Armies & Commanders:

Egyptians

  • Pharaoh Thutmose III
  • approx. 10,000 men

Rebels

  • King of Kadesh
  • unknown, though less than Thutmose III

Battle of Megiddo Summary:

In 1457 BC a rebellion broke out in present-day Palestine against Egyptian rule. The rebellion began following Thutmose's rise to the throne and was encouraged by the King of Kadesh. Allying with the kingdoms of Mitanni, Megiddo, and Kadesh, the Canaanites sought to achieve their independence. Marching north to reassert power, Thutmose ignored his generals and elected to approach Megiddo through the narrow Aruna Valley.

The King of Kadesh and the rebels, not believing the Egyptians would travel through the valley where they could easily be attacked, deployed to the east and west along easier roads to the city. As the Egyptians poured out of the valley, they raced back and assumed hasty defensive positions. The following morning, Thutmose attacked and routed the rebels. Before the victory could be completed the Egyptian troops began to loot the rebel camp, allowing the survivors to retreat and the city to be secured. Thutmose was then forced to surround Megiddo, which finally fell after a prolonged siege.

The Battle of Megiddo is also notable for being the first battle in history for which there are detailed accounts. These were created by the scribe Tjaneni and carved into hieroglyphs in the Halls of Annals at the Temple of Amun.

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