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Battles & Wars: 1800s

The 19th century saw some of the most influential wars of all time, many of which helped draw the map of the modern world. Here we examine conflicts from Napoleon to the Spanish American War.
  1. Napoleonic Wars (31)
  2. War of 1812 (30)
  3. Texas Revolution (4)
  4. Crimean War (3)
  5. Mexican-American War (18)
  6. Civil War (150)
  7. Franco-Prussian War (3)
  8. Wars of the British Empire (12)

First Barbary War: Battle of Derna
The Battle of Derna was fought between April 27 and May 13, 1805. Leading a contingent of US Marines and mercenaries, William Eaton and 1Lt. Presley O'Bannon succeeded in capturing the port of Derne from the forces of Yusuf Karamanli. The victory at Derne was a key moment in the conflict and gave birth to the line "to the shores of Tripoli" in the Marine Corps Hymn.

Tecumseh's War: Battle of Tippecanoe
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought November 7, 1811, and was the climatic battle of Tecumseh's War. Fighting near the Tippecanoe River, William Henry Harrison defended against attacks by Tenskwatawa's Native American forces. Harrison's victory at Tippecanoe damaged Tecumseh's vision of uniting the Native Americans and helped lead to the War...

Wars of South American Independence: Battle of Boyacá
The Battle of Boyaca was a key battle in the Wars for South American Independence. Led by Simón Bolívar, patriot forces routed a Spanish force near the el Puente de Boyacá bridge. The victory was vital in securing independence for modern-day Colombia.

Second Seminole War: 1835-1842
The Second Seminole War was fought 1835 to 1842 between the United States and Native Americans in Florida. One of a series of conflicts in the area, the Second Seminole War resulted in a victory for US forces. In the wake of the Second Seminole War, many of the defeated Native Americans were relocated west.

Second Opium War: Overview
Fought between 1856 and 1860, the Second Opium War led to the further opening of China to foreign influence and contributed to the spread of imperialism. Led by Britain and France, Western forces were able to defeat the Chinese and gain significant concessions. The Second Opium War was ended by the Convention of Peking.

French Intervention in Mexico: Battle of Puebla
On May 5, 1862, French and Mexican troops met at the Battle of Puebla. An early battle in the French intervention in Mexico, the fighting resulted in a surprising Mexican victory. The triumph at the Battle of Puebla is celebrated annually as Cinco de Mayo.

Great Sioux War: Battle of the Little Bighorn
The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought June 25-26, 1876 during the Great Sioux War. Also known as "Custer's Last Stand," the Battle of the Little Bighorn saw Lt. Col. George A. Custer and most of his command killed after attacking a Sioux camp. The Battle of the Little Bighorn concluded with survivors repulsing Native American attacks.

Satsuma Rebellion: Battle of Shiroyama
The Battle of Shiroyama was the final engagement of the Satsuma Rebellion. Encircled near Kagoshima, the rebel forces led by Saigo Takamori were badly outnumbered and took a position on Shiroyama hill. On September 24, 1877, Imperial forces attacked and eradicated Saigo's forces.

First Italo-Ethiopian War: Battle of Adwa
The Battle of Adwa saw Ethiopian forces defeat the Italians in the decisive engagement of the First Italo-Ethiopian War. Fought on March 1, 1896, Italian forces under General Oreste Baratieri attacked Ethiopian positions. In the fighting near Adwa, his men were routed by Emperor Menelik II's army.

The Spanish-American War
The Spanish-American War was fought in 1898 and saw the United States win a quick victory. The Spanish-American War began after the sinking of USS Maine and a campaign against Spanish atrocities in Cuba. During the Spanish-American War, the United States successfully invaded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Cuba.

Spanish-American War: Battle of San Juan Hill
The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought on July 1, 1898, and was a key engagement of the Spanish-American War. Having landing on Cuba, American forces sought to capture the port of Santiago de Cuba. Storming the San Juan Heights, they were able to begin a siege of the city which ultimately fell on July 17.

The Boxer Rebellion: China Fights Imperialism
The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-foreigner, anti-West uprising in China in 1899 and 1900. Largely caused by foreign influence in trade, religion, and politics, the Boxer Rebellion was suppressed by the Eight-Nation Alliance of Japan, Great Britain, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, the Austo-Hungarian Empire, and Russia.

Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Woerth (Wörth)
The Battle of Woerth (Wörth) was fought August 6, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The Battle of Woerth was fought during the opening stages of the conflict. In the fighting at Woerth, the French were badly defeated.

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