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Battles & Wars: 1601-1800

An overview of the battles and wars of the 17th and 18th centuries. These battles and wars saw the rise of professional armies and the growth of worldwide empires.
  1. Thirty Years' War (3)
  2. English Civil War (12)
  3. War of Spanish Succession (2)
  4. War of the Austrian Succession (5)
  5. French & Indian War (24)
  6. American Revolution (79)

The Pequot War: 1634-1638
The Pequot War was fought from 1634 to 1638 in present-day New England. The Pequot War saw colonists in Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and their Native American allies battle the Pequot tribe. After several battles, the Pequots were defeated and the war ended.

Tokugawa Shogunate: Shimabara Rebellion
The Shimabara Rebellion was a largely peasant revolt that occurred in 1637-1638. Fought on the Shimabara Peninsula and Amakusa Islands of Japan, the mostly Christian rebels won several battles against the forces of the Tokugawa Shogunate. The Shimabara Rebellion ended when the rebel's stronghold at Hara Castle fell on April 15, 1638.

Second Anglo-Dutch War
The Second Anglo-Dutch War was an attempt by England to curb Dutch maritime growth and trade. Fought between 1665 and 1667, the Second Anglo-Dutch War began with a series of English victories, but turned in Holland's favor due to a financial crisis in London and a daring raid on the Chatham Dockyards.

King Philip's War: 1675-1676
King Philip's War was fought in New England between 1675 and 1676. Beginning after a period of increasing tensions, King Philip's War saw King Philip (Metacomet) lead a Native American alliance against English settlers and other Native Americans. King Philip's War ended after King Phlip was killed in August 1675 though some skirmishing continued.

The Jacobite Risings: Battle of Killiecrankie
The Battle of Killiecrankie was fought July 27, 1689, during the Jacobite Risings. Rebeling against William III, Jacobite supporters in Scotland, led by Viscount Dundee, moved south to Killiecrankie. Met by Government forces, they won a clear victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie after launching an effective Highland charge.

Williamite War in Ireland: Battle of the Boyne
Williamite and Jacobite forces clashed at the Battle of the Boyne on July 12, 1690. Led by William III, the Williamite forces decisively defeated James II, forcing him to flee back to France. The defeat at the Boyne ended James' attempted to reclaim his throne.

Glorious Revolution: Glencoe Massacre
The Glencoe Massacre occurred on the night of February 13, 1692, in western Scotland. Following being delayed in giving an oath of loyalty to William III, the MacDonalds of Glencoe were singled out for punishment by the government. After hosting British soldiers for two weeks in Glencoe, the MacDonalds were attacked by their guests who killed 37 in the glen and burned the local villages.

Great Northern War: Battle of Narva
The Battle of Narva was fought on November 30, 1700 between Sweden and Russia. An early battle of the Great Northern War, Narva saw a smaller Swedish army under King Charles XII attack during a blizzard. In the resulting fighting near Narva, the Swedes routed the enemy.

Queen Anne's War: Raid on Deerfield
The Raid on Deerfield took place on February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War. The North American extension of the War of the Spanish Succession, the conflict saw a combined French and Native American force raid Deerfield, Massachusetts. Attacking the raiders, killed over fifty of Deerfield's residents and captured over one hundred.

Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava
Advancing into the Ukraine, Swedish forces under King Charles XII laid siege to Poltava. Racing to meet them, Peter the Great engaged the Swedes on July 8, 1709. Outnumbered in the ensuing Battle of Poltava, the Swedes were crushed and were forced to retreat.

The Jacobite Risings: Battle of Glen Shiel
Fought on June 10, 1719, the Battle of Glen Shiel was part of the Jacobite Risings in Scotland. Marching with Spanish aid, Scots under Lord George Murray attempted to move east to capture Inverness. Encountering British troops at Glen Shiel, the Scots were defeated and their Spanish allies forced to surrender.

The Forty-Five: Battle of Prestonpans
The Battle of Prestonpans was fought September 21, 1745, during the Forty-Five. Meeting raw government troops, the Jacobites engaged and defeated the enemy at Prestonpans. The Jacobites won after flanking the enemy and using a Highland charge.

The Forty-Five: The Battle of Culloden
The final battle of the the "Forty-Five" uprising, the Battle of Culloden was the climatic engagement between the Jacobite army of Charles Edward Stuart and the Hanoverian government forces of King George II. Meeting on Culloden Moor, just east of Inverness, the Jacobite army was soundly defeated by a government army led by the Duke of Cumberland.

Pontiac's Rebellion: An Overview
Pontiac's Rebellion was fought between 1763 and 1766 and saw the Native Americans rise up against the British. Pontiac's Rebellion began with the Native Americans capturing several British forts on the frontier. Counterattacking in 1764, Britsh forces ultimately brought Pontiac's Rebellion to an end and forced the Native Americans to negotiate...

Northwest Indian War: Battle of the Wabash
The Battle of the Wabash was fought November 4, 1791, during the Northwest Indian War. Led by Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair, American forces moved to combat the Western Confederacy in Ohio. Meeting the enemy in the Battle of the Wabash, St. Clair's force was crushed and effectively destroyed.

Northwest Indian War: Battle of Fallen Timbers
Fighting near present day Maumee, OH, US forces defeated the Native American Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers on August 20, 1794. The Battle of Fallen Timbers was part of the Northwest Indian War which saw the US and Native Americans contesting the lands north of the Ohio River.

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