Perched high atop Castle Rock, Edinburgh Castle dominates the city and the surrounding area. First inhabited in the 9th century BC, the site served as a defensive stronghold for those living nearby. Over the centuries, Edinburgh Castle's role grew and evolved with it serving as a military base, palace, prison, ordnance factory, and royal mint. Despite this multi-tasking, the castle always remained first and foremost a fortress, and was attacked at least thirteen times during its long history.
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