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American Revolution

Fought between 1775 and 1783, the American Revolution saw the Thirteen Colonies gain their independence from Great Britain. Here we look at the battles that led to the American victory.
  1. American Revolution 101 (8)
  2. American Revolution - 1775 (6)
  3. American Revolution - 1776 (8)
  4. American Revolution - 1777 (17)
  5. American Revolution - 1778-1783 (18)

American Revolution: The Stamp Act of 1765
The Stamp Act of 1765 was passed by Parliament to raise money to pay for British troops in North America. Taxing paper products, the Stamp Act was violently opposed by the colonists leading to calls of "taxation without representation." The Stamp Act was one of several taxes which helped cause the American Revolution.

American Revolution: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.

American Revolution: Boston Tea Party
The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773, in Boston harbor. Angered by the imposition of the Tea Act, colonists in Boston refused to allow new shipments to be landed. On the night of December 16, angry colonists boarded three tea ships in the harbor and tossed crates of tea into the harbor. Known as the Boston Tea Party, this act...

American Revolution: The Intolerable Acts
The Intolerable Acts were a series of punitive laws passed by Parliament in the spring 1774, in response to the 1773 Boston Tea Party. Consisting of five parts, the Intolerable Acts included the Boston Port, Massachusetts Government, Administration of Justice, Quartering, and Quebec Acts. Causing outrage, the Intolerable Acts worked to push...

American Revolution: Battles of Lexington & Concord
Fought on April 19, 1775, the Battles of Lexington and Concord were the opening actions of the American Revolution. The first shots were fired at Lexington as British troops from Boston passed through on their way to capture colonial military stores in Concord. After departing Concord, the British were attacked by colonial militia en route...

American Revolution: Battle of Long Island
Fought August 27-30, 1776, the Battle of Long Island saw the British force Gen. George Washington's army from Long Island. Occupying a line near Flatbush, the Americans were outflanked when British troops move through Jamaica Pass. Falling back, Washington waited two days before evacuating to Manhattan.

American Revolution: Battle of Trenton
The Battle of Trenton was fought December 26, 1776, during the American Revolution. The Battle of Trenton occurred when American troops under Gen. George Washington crossed the Delaware River and launched a surprise attack on the Hessian garrison. A much-needed American victory, Trenton saw Washington capture most of the enemy force.

American Revolution: Battle of Brandywine
The Battle of Brandywine was fought September 11, 1777, during the American Revolution. Landing at Head of Elk, Gen. Sir William Howe marched north with the goal of capturing Philadelphia. Opposed by American forces at the Battle of Brandywine, the British won clear victory after turning the enemy flank.

American Revolution: Battles of Saratoga
The Battles of Saratoga were fought September 19 and October 7, 1777, in upstate New York. Advancing south, Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne encountered American forces south of Saratoga. Fighting two battles, Burgoyne was ultimately forced to surrender his army. The American victory at Saratoga was the turning point of the war and led to an alliance...

American Revolution: Winter at Valley Forge
Valley Forge was the encampment for Gen. George Washington's Continental Army during the winter of 1777/78. Arriving at Valley Forge battered after several defeats, the Continental Army endured a winter of starvation and privation. During the encampment, it was drilled and trained by the Prussian Baron von Steuben.

American Revolution: Battle of Monmouth
Fought in June 1778, the Battle of Monmouth was the Continental Army's first major test after the winter at Valley Forge. The last major engagement in the north, the Battle of Monmouth ended as a draw with the British withdrawing to New York.

American Revolution: Siege of Charleston
The Siege of Charleston was fought March 29 to May 12, 1780, during the American Revolution. Landing near Charleston, British forces under Gen. Sir Henry Clinton laid siege to the city. The Siege of Charleston ended in a British victory when Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln was forced to surrender.

American Revolution: Battle of Cowpens
The Battle of Cowpens saw American troops rout the forces of the notorious Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton. Fought on January 17, 1781, the Battle of Cowpens featured a double envelopment by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan's small army which crushed the British. A key victory in the southern campaign, Cowpens ended a string of British wins in the region.

American Revolution: Battle of Guilford Court House
The Battle of Guilford Court House was fought on March 15, 1781, and saw British forces win a bloody, pyrrhic victory over American forces. Attacking Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene's position, Maj. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis was able to drive the Americans from Guilford Court House but lost over a quarter of his men in the process.

American Revolution: Battle of Yorktown
The Battle of Yorktown was fought between September 28 and October 19, 1781, after Gen. George Washington slipped away from New York and besieged Gen. Charles Cornwallis' army at Yorktown, VA. Supported by the French, Washington was able to compel the British to surrender after a brief siege. The Battle of Yorktown was the last major...

American Revolution: Treaty of Paris (1783)
The Treaty of Paris (1783) was the treaty which ended the American Revolution. Signed on September 3, 1783, the Treaty of Paris saw Great Britain recognize the independence of the United States. The Treaty of Paris also worked to clarify borders and other issues resulting from the war.

American Revolution: Battle of Groton Heights
On September 6, 1781, American forces were defeated at the Battle of Groton Heights. Raiding New London, CT, British troops, led by traitor Benedict Arnold, landed and burned the town. Advancing on Fort Griswold, the Battle of Groton Heights saw the British storm and capture the fort against American opposition.

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