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Army Leaders of the American Revolution

Here you will find information about the American, French, and British commanders who guided forces during the American Revolution.

American Revolution: Ethan Allen
A profile of Ethan Allen, leader of the Green Mountain Boys and an American officer during the Revolutionary War. Best known for his capture of Fort Ticonderoga, Ethan Allen served throughout the northern front and was heavily involved in Vermont politics.

American Revolution: Major John Andre
Major John Andre was a noted British officer during the American Revolution. John Andre is best remembered for his role in Major General Benedict Arnold's treachery. Captured on September 23, 1780, John Andre was executed as a spy on October 2.

American Revolution: Major General Benedict Arnold
Major General Benedict Arnold was key American officer during the American Revolution and skilled field commander. Arnold played key roles in the invasion of Canada, defense of Lake Champlain, and the Battles of Saratoga. Benedict Arnold is best remembered for turning traitor and defecting to the British in 1780.

American Revolution: Lieutenant General John Burgoyne
Major General John Burgoyne was a British commander during the American Revolution. John Burgoyne also saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. Leading the British army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, John Burgoyne was forced to surrender to American forces.

American Revolution: Governor Sir Guy Carleton
Sir Guy Carleton served as governor of Quebec and later governor-general of Canada. Guy Carleton was in office during the American Revolution and defended Canada from American attacks. In the war's later years, Guy Carleton served as commander-in-chief of British forces in North America.

American Revolution: Brigadier General George Rogers Clark
Brigadier General George Rogers Clark was an American leader during the American Revolution. Campaigning in the Old Northwest, Clark won key victories over the British at Kaskaskia and Vincennes. Clark's victories helped ensure that the United States received the region during peace negotiations.

American Revolution: General Sir Henry Clinton
General Sir Henry Clinton was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Initially serving under Gen. William Howe, Clinton became the British commander-in-chief in 1778. Leading British troops until 1782, Clinton oversaw the final British defeat in North America.

American Revolution: Lord Charles Cornwallis
Best known for his role in the American Revolution, Lord Charles Cornwallis was a noted British military commander and colonial governor in the 18th and 19th centuries. Forced to surrender to George Washington at Yorktown in 1781, Cornwallis later served as governor-general of India where he worked to reform British colonial administration.

American Revolution: Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.

American Revolution: General Thomas Gage
A veteran of the French & Indian War, General Thomas Gage commanded British forces in America during the opening days of the American Revolution. Appointed governor of Massachusetts in 1774, Gage's attempts to regain control of the colony led to the outbreak of fighting in April 1775. Later that year, Gage was recalled in favor of General...

American Revolution: Major General Horatio Gates
Major General Horatio Gates was an American commander during the American Revolution. A veteran of the French & Indian War, Horatio Gates later led Amerocan forces at the key Battle of Saratoga. Assigned to command the Southern Department, Horatio Gates was badly defeated at Camden in 1780 and relieved of his post.

American Revolution: Nathanael Greene
A native of Rhode Island, General Nathanael Greene served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. After several years with General George Washington's army, he was given command of Continental forces in the South. Fighting a brilliant campaign, Greene reclaimed much of the Carolinas by the war's end.

American Revolution: General Sir William Howe
General Sir William Howe was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Howe led took command of British forces in American in 1775 and conducted successful campaigns against New York and Philadelphia. Howe resigned in 1778 and returned to Britain.

American Revolution: Major General Henry Knox
A Boston patriot, Henry Knox was a bookseller at the beginning of the American Revolution. A student of artillery, he became Gen. George Washington's chief of artillery and served with the Continental Army for the duration of the war. With independence secured, Henry Knox served as the United States' first secretary of war.

American Revolution: Marquis de Lafayette
The Marquis de Lafayette was a French noble who served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Arriving in 1777, Lafayette became one of Gen. George Washington's most trusted subordinates. Returning home, he played a prominent role in the early phases of the French Revolution.

American Revolution: Major General Charles Lee
Major General Charles Lee was an officer during the American Revolution. A veteran of the Seven Years' War and British Army, Charles Lee joined the Continental Army in 1775. Captured in 1776, Charles Lee was later exchanged and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth two years later. Performing poorly, Charles Lee was relieved during the battle.

American Revolution: Major General Benjamin Lincoln
Major General Benjamin Lincoln was a commander in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Present at the Battle of Saratoga, Benjamin Lincoln later led the Southern Department and was captured during the Siege of Charleston. Exhanged, Benjamin Lincoln later received the British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown.

American Revolution: General Hugh Mercer
Hugh Mercer was Scotsman who served as a surgeon in the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden. Fleeing to American after the collapse of the Forty-Five, he worked as a doctor and served as an officer in the French & Indian War. Joining American forces during the Revolution, Hugh Mercer served under Gen. George Washington until he was killed...

American Revolution: Major General Richard Montgomery
Richard Montgomery was a career soldier who served as a major general during the American Revolution. After service in the French & Indian War with the British, Montgomery moved to America. Leading American forces at the Battle of Quebec, Montgomery was killed in the assault.

American Revolution: Brigadier General Daniel Morgan
Brigadier General Daniel Morgan was a famed American commander during the American Revolution. First seeing action during Siege of Boston, Daniel Morgan played a key role in the Battle of Saratoga. Given a command in the south, Daniel Morgan won a decisive victory at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.

American Revolution: Major Samuel Nicholas, USMC
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.

American Revolution: Count Casimir Pulaski
Count Casimir Pulaski was a noted Polish cavalry commander who saw action during conflicts in Poland and later served in the American Revolution. Arriving in North America in 1777, Casimir Pulaski became known as the "Father of the American Cavalry" for his efforts in reforming that branch of the Continental Army. Casimir Pulaski was mortally...

American Revolution: Major General John Stark
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.

American Revolution: Brigadier General Francis Marion - The Swamp Fox
Brigadier General Francis Marion a.k.a. "The Swamp Fox" was a noted American partisan commander during the American Revolution. Operating in South Carolina, Francis Marion conducted hit and run raids against the occupying British. In the course of his operations, Francis Marion tied down large numbers of British troops while destroying a large...

American Revolution: Banastre Tarleton
One of the most vilified British commanders of the American Revolution, Banastre Tarleton was an able cavalryman who earned fame for his cruel and heartless tactics in the Southern theater of the war. Later serving in Parliament, Banastre Tarleton was known for his advocacy of the slave trade.

American Revolution: General George Washington - A Military Profile
George Washington served as commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. A veteran of the French & Indian War, George Washington achieved mixed results in the field but became a powerful symbol of American resistance to Britain. George Washington later served as the first President of the United States.

American Revolution: Major General Anthony Wayne
Major General Anthony Wayne was an American leader during the American Revolution. A bold field commander, Anthony Wayne saw service in many of the battles fought in the northeast. Returning to action in the 1790s, Anthony Wayne destroyed the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

American Revolution: Baron Friedrich von Steuben
Baron Friedrich von Steuben was a former Prussian staff officer who served with the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Baron von Steuben is best remembered for training the army at Valley Forge. He later served in the Southern campaigns and was at the Battle of Yorktown.

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