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Confederate Leaders of the Civil War

An overview of Confederate leaders from the Civil War.

Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Commanders
The Battle of Gettysburg saw Confederate commanders attempt to defeat Union troops in Pennsylvania. Attacking Union forces, General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate leadership mounted several failed attacks on the enemy's flanks. On July 3, Lee and his commanders launched a massive assault known as Pickett's Charge which was repulsed.

American Civil War: Brigadier General Lewis A. Armistead
Brigadier General Lewis Arimstead was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, Lewis Armistead took part in its campaigns during 1862. The following year, Lewis Armistead was mortally wounded while taking part in Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg.

American Civil War: General P.G.T. Beauregard
General P.G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. General Beauregard earned early fame for the capture of Fort Sumter and victory at the First Battle of Bull Run. After being defeated at Shiloh, the difficult to work with General Beauregard moved through a series of secondary commands.

American Civil War: General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a principal Confederate commander in the West during the Civil War. Appointed to lead the Army of Tennessee in mid-1862, Bragg was a strict disciplinarian who had mixed results on the battlefield. Following his defeat at Chattanooga in late 1863, he was relieved.

American Civil War: Major General Patrick Cleburne
Patrick Cleburne was an Irish-American commander who fought for Confederacy during the Civil War. Serving with the Army of Tennessee, Patrick Cleburne saw action during most of its major campaigns. Patrick Cleburne was killed at the Battle of Franklin in November 1864.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General Jubal Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Serving largely with the Army of Northern Virginia, Jubal Early took part in most of its major battles. In 1864, Jubal Early led Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and threatened Washington, DC until being badly defeated by Major General Philip Sheridan.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service with the Army of Northern Virginia. Graduating from West Point in 1840, Richard Ewell took part in the Mexican-American War and served on the frontier. Joining the Confederacy in 1861, Richard Ewell rose to lead the Army of Northern...

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest
Nathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate lieutenant general during the Civil War. A cavalryman, Nathan Bedford Forrest saw extensive service in the Western Theater and became one of the most feared Confederate officers in the region. Nathan Bedfored Forrest was a master of mobile warfare and is often remembered fast attacks and raid.

American Civil War: Major General John B. Gordon
Major General John B. Gordon was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, John B. Gordon fought in most of its campaign and became one of General Robert E. Lee's most trusted leaders. At Appomattox, John B. Gordon led Confederate forces during the surrender proceedings.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General William J. Hardee
Lieutenant General William J. Hardee was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War who largely served in the Western Theater. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, William J. Hardee took part in the Battle of Shiloh and then the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee. Fighting until the end, William J. Hardee surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston in April 1865.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Ambrose Powell Hill
Lieutenant General A.P. Hill was noted Confederate corps commander during the Civil War. Rising through the ranks of the Army of Northern Virginia, A.P. Hill saw action at most of the army's major battles. A.P. Hill was killed in April 1865 during the final battle for Petersburg.

American Civil War: Major General Daniel Harvey Hill
Major General Daniel Harvey Hill was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in both the Eastern and Western Theater, Daniel Harvey Hill played a key role in several engagements including the Battle of Chickamauga. A critic of General Robert E. Lee and Braxton Bragg, Daniel Harvey Hill was later relegated to minor posts.

American Civil War: General John Bell Hood
John Bell Hood was a notable Confederate commander during the Civil War. Hood served in both the East and West, developing a reputation an aggressive leader. Wounded several times, Hood led the Army of Tennessee to its destruction in 1864.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Lt. General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson was a noted Confederate commander during the Civil War. Rising to prominence at the First Battle of Bull Run, Stonewall Jackson became one of Gen. Robert E. Lee's most effective field commanders. Stonewall Jackson was wounded by friendly fire during the 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville and died a short...

American Civil War: General Albert Sidney Johnston
General Albert Sidney Johnston was a key Confederate commander in the early days of the Civil War. A veteran of the Texas Revolution and the US Army, Johnston was appointed to lead Confederate forces in the West. Albert Sidney Johnston was killed during the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862.

American Civil War: General Joseph E. Johnston
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate leader during the Civil War. Fighting at First Bull Run, Joseph Johnston next led the Confederate army during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign until he was badly wounded at Seven Pines. Joseph Johnston later commanded the Department of the West and the Army of Tennessee.

American Civil War: General Robert E. Lee
General Robert E. Lee was a key Confederate commander during the Civil War. Taking command of Confederate forces in the east in mid-1862, he led the Army of Northern Virginia to a string of impressive victories such as Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville. Lee remained in command until the end of the war when was defeated by Lieutenant General...

American Civil War: Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a key commander during the Civil War. Rapidly rising through the ranks, Longstreet led the First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia for much of the conflict. A gifted corps commander, Longstreet oversaw the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg.

American Civil War: Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan
Born in 1825, John Hunt Morgan became one of the Confederacy's most notorious raiders. A native of Kentucky, Morgan was captured in 1863, after raiding north across the Ohio. Escaping, he returned to Southern service and was killed in September 1864, at Greeneville, TN.

American Civil War: Colonel John Singleton Mosby
Colonel John Singleton Mosby was a noted Confederate cavalryman and partisen ranger during the American Civil War. Enlisting in the Confederate army, Mosby was quickly noted as a skilled leader and swiftly rose through the ranks. Given command of a partisen ranger unit, John Singlton Mosby became renowed for daring lightning attacks on Union...

American Civil War: Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton
Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Though northern by birth, John C. Pemberton elected to serve the Confederacy and oversaw Southern forces during the Siege of Vicksburg. After surrendering the city, John C. Pemberton was exchanged but failed to secure another major command during the war.

American Civil War: Major General George Pickett
Major General George Pickett was a Confederate commander in the Army of Northern Virginia. George Pickett is best remembered for Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. In the war's final days, Pickett was defeated at the Battle of Five Forks.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk
Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk was a graduate of West Point who entered the ministry shortly after graduation. Returning to the military at the beginning of the Civil War, Leonidas Polk used his connections to President Jefferson Davis to secure a major general's commission. Serving in the west, Leonidas Polk commanded troops until his death in combat in June 1864.

American Civil War: Major General Sterling Price
Major General Sterling Price was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Sterling Price led Confederate forces in the west during the early years of the conflict. Leading an invasion of Missouri in 1864, Sterling Price was defeated by Union forces.

American Civil War: General Edmund Kirby Smith
General Edmund Kirby Smith was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate and Mexican-American War veteran, Edmund Kirby Smith was wounded at First Bull Run and later took part in the invasion of Kentucky. For the final three years of the Civil War, Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department.

American Civil War: Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was a Confederate cavalry commander during the Civil War. J.E.B. Stuart is best known as the flamboyant leader of the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry corps. Stuart served with General Robert E. Lee's army until his death at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in 1864.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Richard Taylor
Lieutenant General Richard Taylor was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. The son of President Zachary Taylor, Richard Taylor saw service in the 1862 Valley Campaign before moving through several posts in the West where he defeated the Union Red River Campaign. The commander of the Army of Tennessee at the end of the conflict, Richard Taylor surrendered on May 8, 1865.y

American Civil War: Major General Earl Van Dorn
Major General Earl Van Dorn was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, Earl Van Dorn served in the Western Theater of the Civil War and suffered defeats at Pea Ridge and Corinth. A noted womanizer, Earl Van Dorn was murdered by a jealous husband in 1863.

American Civil War: Major General Joseph Wheeler
Major General Joseph Wheeler was a noted Confederate cavalry general during the Civil War. Serving in the western theater of the war, Joseph Wheeler took part in most of the major actions in that region. Returning to the US Army after the war, Joseph Wheeler later was a key commander during the Spanish-American War.

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