1. Education

August 3, 1797 - Field Marshal Baron Jeffery Amherst (right) is born. The son of a lawyer, Amherst first saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession. A favorite of Lord Ligonier, he quickly rose throught the ranks and in 1758 was selected to lead the British expedition against Louisbourg during the French & Indian War. Attacking that June, he captured the city after a brief siege. Made commander-in-chief in North America that fall, he coordinated British activities the following year including the captures of Quebec, Fort Carillon, and Fort Niagara. In 1760, he captured Montreal and forced the surrender of New France (Canada). Commanding from New York, he dispatched expeditions against French and Spanish possessions in the Caribbean for the remainder of the war. Returning home, he moved through a variety of high-level administrative positions. With tensions growing with the colonies, he turned down command in North America in 1775, and again in 1778 during the American Revolution. Ultimately promoted to field marshal, Amherst died in 1797.

Photograph Source: Public Domain

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