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Moving south from North Carolina after the Battle of Guilford Court House, Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene intended to reassert American control over the interior of South Carolina.  Advancing on the British base at Camden, he established a strong position on Hobkirk's Hill a short distance to the north.  Aware of Greene's presence, the British commander in the town, Lord Rawdon (right), attempted to mount a surprise attack on April 25.  Opening the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill that morning, his men were held up by the American pickets who bought time for their comrades to form for battle.  Outnumbering the British, Greene attempted to envelop both enemy flanks but was thwarted when the 1st Maryland Regiment became disorganized.  Taking the initiative, Rawdon attacked and compelled Greene's men to retreat north.   Though a tactical victory for the British, Greene's continued operations in the region forced Rawdon to abandon his outposts in the interior that summer. 

The American Revolution in the South:

Photograph Source: Public Domain

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