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Born in 1817, Lt. Gen. Richard Ewell (right) was the grandson of Secretary of the Navy Benjamin Stoddert.  Graduating from West Point in 1840, Ewell saw service on the frontier before taking part in the Mexican-American War.  Brevetted to captain for his actions at Contreras and Churubusco, he later helped explore the New Mexico Territory.  With the beginning of the Civil War, Ewell resigned from the US Army and joined the Confederacy.  Appointed a brigadier general in June 1861, he later served under Maj. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson during the Valley Campaign of 1862.   After taking part in the Seven Days Battles, Ewell lost his left leg at the Second Battle of Manassas.  Recovering, Gen. Robert E. Lee gave him command of the Army of Northern Virginia's Second Corps for the invasion of Pennsylvania.  Attacking from the north on the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg, Ewell had success but was later criticized for failing to press on to capture critical Cemetery Hill.  The following May, Ewell initially preformed well at the Battle of the Wilderness but lost his composure days later at Spotsylvania Court House.   Believing his subordinate exhausted, Lee relieved him of command and sent him to oversee the Richmond defenses.  He remained in this role until the city's evacuation in early April 1865.  Retreating west, Ewell was captured at the Battle of Sayler's Creek on April 6.  Known as "Old Bald Head", he later died in 1872.       


Confederate Leaders in the East:

Photograph Courtesy of the National Archives & Records Administration

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