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November 7, 1917 - After a week of fighting, British forces punch through the Gaza-Beersheba line, winning the Third Battle of Gaza. After two failed attempted to breakthrough into Palestine, General Sir Archibald Murray was removed from command and replaced by General Sir Edmund Allenby (right). Seeking to break the deadlock, Allenby launched an attack designed to turn the Ottoman flank at Beersheba. Capturing the town on October 31, British forces moved on Gaza two days later with some success. The main assaults came at Sheria on November 6 and at Gaza on the 7th. Breaking into the Ottoman lines, British troops pursued the retreating Turks but were prevented from encircling them due to a series of strong rearguard actions.

World War I in the Middle East:

Photograph Source: Public Domain

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