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March 5, 1770 - British troops open fire during the Boston Massacre (right).† After previous attempts to tax the colonies with the Sugar and Stamp Acts, Parliament passed the Townshend Acts in 1767.† Met with outrage in the colonies, the Massachusetts legislature began encouraging their counterparts elsewhere in North America to resist the taxes.† This ultimately led to troops being sent to Boston in 1768.† As tensions†continued to mount, the†city's residents began confronting British troops.† On March 5, 1770, an argument between a British sentry and a local apprentice escalated into a standoff between a large mob and a force of eight soldiers led by Capt. Thomas Preston.† In the course of the evening, one of the†soldiers was knocked down and fired into the crowd.†† This led to his compatriots firing as well.† When†it ended, three members of the crowd were dead and two mortally wounded.† Arrested later in the month, Preston and his men†were charged with murder.† After no Loyalist attorneys would take their case, their defense fell to Patriot lawyer John Adams.† At their trials that fall, Adams successfully argued that the soldiers were defending themselves and only two were convicted of manslaughter.† Though the Townshend Acts were partially†repealed in April 1770, tensions continued to†mount as the two sides moved down the road to the American Revolution.††

Causes of the American Revolution:

Photograph Courtesy of the Library of Congress

Comments

January 30, 2014 at 8:43 am
(1) Frank Dio says:

Years ago you had more information about the Boston massacre. You had the intersecting streets named and the Even the name of the first man shot who happened to be black. He and several other men were in front of the crowd arguing with the Redcoats. The interesting confrontation had to do with gun confiscation. The Redcoats did not like the mood of the people and wanted to confiscate all firearms. The actual name of the Soldiers Company and barracks was mentioned. The black colonists name was Robinson I think. I may be wrong about the name itís been a long time since we looked this up.
In this day of Democratic Party rule it is disheartening to see history either being changed or many facts left out of your answers for political reasons.

January 30, 2014 at 9:40 am
(2) militaryhistory says:

If you click through to the article, you will find the information you are seeking. The blog post simply provides an overview of the topic.

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